At the beginning of the twentieth century, small standing armies marched around or got on and off troopships. WWI changed all of that as it sucked more and more men into battle and the armies of European nations swelled to a million or more men. Men who needed the long tail of support to feed and equip them, and then to treat their wounds and issue their pay. The challenge of moving such armies swiftly and efficiently was first met by the railways. And it has remained a challenge over the last hundred years. This episode tells the story of how machines have been used, and are being used, to transport armies and all of their equipment over land, across sea and in the air - from giant freighters to the image that became an iconic representation of action in Vietnam, the helicopter.
London's Kensington Palace is an intimate residence that houses today's modern royals. Hidden away in London's Hyde Park, it began life as an early 17th century Jacobean mansion before becoming a palace fit for the monarchy. Commissioned as a new home for King William III and Queen Mary II in 1689, Kensington was the brain child of architect Sir Christopher Wren. Its construction was state of the art and its design was the height of sophistication. Two of the most famous royals in British history, Queen Victoria and Princess Diana have both lived at the palace. Today, half of Kensington Palace is open as a museum while the other half is split into private apartments for members of the royal family.
Neil Oliver follows the rise of Clan Stewart to become Scotland's royal dynasty. It's the blood-soaked tale of a bitter family feud. In a vicious contest, using clan power to plot, manoeuvre, and murder their way to power, the story culminates with the dramatic assassination of King James I below a tennis court in Perth, 1437. Neil traces this family feud through clan combat, royal romances, and spectacular Renaissance courts to the brutal torture and execution of the last rival Stewart, Walter Atholl, when the king's widowed Queen Joan wreaks a terrible revenge for his treachery.
A world suddenly forced to live without the United States and its countless ground-breaking contributions would be a drastically different place. From the first flight to outer space and all the medical, technological and scientific advancements made along the way, our modern world is shaped by the USA. To celebrate and explore its contributions to the modern world we're stripping away key American innovations to see the impact when History is Erased.
In this episode, we move through the final decade of the 20th century and look at the next generation of royals in the new millennium, as Queen Elizabeth the second retires from touring. We reflect on the changing times and a remarkable century full of both great loss and celebration; and the legacy of the Windsors that continues to stand the test of time - much of it to do with the relationships and connections to the public formed by the royal tours.
The Royal Palace of Caserta near Naples, Italy, was created by Luigi Vanvitelli and houses a silk factory that dates back to the 18th-century, and still functions to this day.
'Help, defend, Heal' was the motto of the 'Order of Brothers of the German House of Saint Mary in Jerusalem' - the Teutonic Order. It was formed to aid Christians on their pilgrimages to the Holy Land and to establish hospitals. This was the order of the famous Teutonic Knights; their white surplass and black cross later provided the inspiration for the Prussian Iron Cross. The order survives as a purely religious order to this very day - this episode separates the myths from the reality.
In the winter of 1871, the Prince of Wales lay delirious and dying. His miraculous recovery a few days later proved to be the saving grace of the monarchy, and brought Queen Victoria back into the public eye. But in the home, Victoria continued to dominate her children. She deemed Leopold too frail for a 'normal' life, and tried to stop him from pursuing a university education at Oxford. Alternative title: Queen Victoria and Her Tragic Family.
This time on River Hunters, presenter and wild swimming loving Rick Edwards and real life river hunter Beau Ouimette, head to the vast River Trent and site of one of the greatest strongholds of the English Civil War - Newark Castle. Here on the banks of the waterway in 1645, the forces of King Charles I were trapped in a bloody siege by Scottish forces from the North and Parliamentarian armies from the South. In the first official search of the waterway, the River Hunters will be searching for lost Civil War relics that reveal the secrets of this brutal battleground.
The mysterious story of Howard Irwin whose suitcase, which was somehow aboard the Titanic, when he was not. And Bertha Mulvihill, a Third Class passenger who, with broken ribs, faced a thirty foot jump down to the small lifeboat in the ice-cold Atlantic Ocean. Then there is the story behind the schoolbooks of Edgar Samuel Andrew and the chilling statement he wrote in a letter to his friend.
The rise and fall of the famous clown Chocolat, the first black circus performer who revolutionised the stagnant circus acts and conquered Paris of the belle epoque with his exuberance and originality. In French.
From February to December 1916, the French and Germans waged one of the First World War's most devastating battles in order to take control of the hills around Verdun. A head on confrontation, fought with no help from their allies, army versus army, nation versus nation. Eleven months of fighting, over 2 million soldiers mobilised and 300,000 dead. Today, this massacre seems senseless. But in 1916, soldiers on both sides accepted to go into battle. Why? This documentary looks back at this insane battle that was to become the bloodiest chapter of the First World War. Looking back through the personal archives of veterans, delving into their daily lives, their dreams and their nightmares, but also using historical re-enactments and numerous computer-generated images, Verdun, the Battle of the Great War revisits France's last great victory over Germany. A battle that would become the symbol of nationalist folly and age-old hostility between two nations.
A theoretical look at what the world would be like without China's four great inventions: gunpowder, the compass, paper-making, and printing.
With increasing media attention and the start of paparazzi, a new generation of royals comes to the forefront of popular culture. In the 80s, Prince Charles marries Lady Diana and they begin taking on the ambassadorship the Royal titles afford them, taking on tours of their own. The Queen continues her travels, albeit through a increasingly smaller commonwealth. Meanwhile in the early nineties, the Royal family faces personal breakdowns and tragedies.
The Knights of Lazarus were originally founded at a leper hospital around 1098 by the Crusaders of the Latin Kingdom of Jerusalem. It was established to treat the disease, because the Knights were lepers themselves. The symbol of the order is a green eight-pointed Maltese Cross - the same green cross now used as the universal symbol for retail pharmacies all around the world. the extraordinary history of some the most chivalrous Knights of all - and one of the most righteous of all Orders - is told in the episode of Soldiers of God. Once called the Hospitallers, the Knights of St John were founded to provide care for poor, sick or injured pilgrims to the Holy Land but evolved into a military order with its own Papal charter. Operating originally from the Island of Rhodes and later from Malta, the Order has one of the most fascinating of all histories - dominated by the famous Siege of Malta in 1798, when the island was captured by Napoleon and the Knights were dispersed throughout Europe. This is the whole dramatic story.
Beneath the majestic medieval Warwick Castle, presenter and wild swimming loving Rick Edwards and real life river hunter Beau Ouimette, explore the River Avon. In the first ever archaeological river search in the castle's thousand year history, they'll seek 15th century treasures from the brutal medieval battles of the Wars of the Roses.
Queen Victoria and Prince Albert were an unusually devoted couple but when Albert died, Queen Victoria was left as a single mother. Explore Victoria's struggle to mourn her husband's death, carry out her Royal duties, and keep both her family and the public in check.
This momentous special reveals the untold story of the little-known yet pivotal events that occurred after President Roosevelt received the call that Pearl Harbor had been attacked on December 7, 1941. Author Steve Gillon has unearthed new evidence from the FDR Library that shows the true panic that gripped the White House and shook the nation. Fearing an aerial attack in Washington, DC, the underfunded US Army assembled wooden sticks on the White House roof to resemble weapons from above. Concerned that a Japanese assassin might try to take Roosevelt's life as they drove him to Congress to deliver his speech, the Treasury Department used a bullet-proof car confiscated from Al Capone. For for the first time, intimate details of how the President had to be placed in braces and straps to hold him up while he gave his speech are uncovered.
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