It's the human body's largest organ, it's totally waterproof and it keeps your insides in. Yep, our skin is pretty amazing! Dr Amy Holmes from the University of South Australia is studying how this brilliant biological barrier is able to keep out unwanted chemicals!
Dingos are one of Australia's most iconic native species, but what they get up to when we're not around still remains a mystery. That is until now! Jack Tatler from the University of Adelaide has been using specialised collars to learn all about the secret lives of dingos!
Sally and Conrad's mother, Joan, is called back to the office before a big party. Joan calls sleepy Mrs Kwan to babysit and forbids Conrad and Sally from entering the living room. Shortly after arriving, Mrs Kwan turns on the TV and falls asleep, leaving the kids glum and staring out the window. When a large thump startles them, they go to inspect, finding a large, mischievous, anthropomorphic cat that wants to balance out their fun levels.
The princess finally decides to tell Shrek her secret, but Shrek is already hurt. Shrek rejects her and Lord Farquaad arrives to ask for her hand in marriage, she accepts, thinking it will break the spell. Donkey tells Shrek to go after the princess, but Shrek yells to leave him alone. Everyone is sad and isolated. Donkey arrives at the swamp and confronts Shrek about his behaviour. The two friends reconcile and head to the kingdom to stop the wedding.
Sally and Conrad return a purple tornado to a crate, hoping it would restore the damaged house, but the building falls apart. The children are upset when Cat takes credit for containing the twister. Conrad tells Cat there has to be limits to their fun. The two kids tell Cat it's time to get out of their house. Looking around, Conrad decides to take the blame for the damage, but Sally stands by his side telling him to share the burden. Learning their lesson, Cat returns to fix the house.
Diego suggests a shortcut. Locked in a cave, they pass fossils from the Palaeocene, Miocene and some of the earliest organisms, even some objects from science fiction. When Roshan slips down a tunnel, they are forced to follow. The scene resembles contemporary human activities, such as luging and theme parks. After they recover the child, Manny, Sid and Diego discover a cave full of paintings and learn a little more about how Manny lost his family to human hunters.
As all the animals migrate south to avoid the colder weather, Manny the lonely Mammoth heads against the current. Sid the giant sloth, who slept through the start of the great migration, gets himself in trouble with two shovel-nosed rhinos. In an attempt to escape the angry rhinos, Sid hides behind Manny, who becomes his unlikely hero. Meanwhile, a family of Neanderthals celebrate a new child as a pack of Sabre-toothed tigers watch on, plotting their revenge.
Manny, Sid, Diego and baby Roshan set up camp for the night. Two members of Diego's pack visit him while the others sleep, sending a threat from their leader, Soto. Sid uses the baby to impress two female sloths but gets himself into the usual trouble. The four set out towards Glacier Pass, taking on different familial roles and finding humour in friendship.
Hiccup is more brains than brawn, a smart, funny and savvy kid desperately looking to prove himself to his father, Stoick the Vast. While the villagers, who tower over Hiccup in height and girth, battle the dragons destroying their crops, Hiccup is relegated to the blacksmithing workshop. Once alone, Hiccup takes his newly invented weapon outside and attempts to take down the most feared dragon of them all, a night fury. Things don't entirely go to plan, and his father admonishes him publicly.
Astrid reminds Hiccup that his "differences" have led to his greatest achievements, reminding him to be brave and trust himself. The young recruits join forces to help Hiccup to rescue Toothless. At the nest, Stoick the Vast realises he's been a fool. Together, Astrid, Snotlout, Ruffnut, Tuffnut, Fishlegs, Toothless and the other dragons work together to save everyone from a colossal red death dragon.
Thomas and his brother, David, consider the flight speed of geese and test a new engine on Thomas' ultra-light craft. Back in the barn, Amy teaches the geese to chase her, and starts to bond with Uncle David. That evening, Thomas suggests they work together to prepare the geese for flight. David and Thomas' characters are based on the work of Bill Lishman and Bill Carrick, co-founders of Operation Migration, a not for profit that sought to teach captive-raised birds to migrate.
The family begin preparing for the migration south and training the geese. Igor, with a little extra encouragement, manages flight but gets into an accident and goes down in the forest. While looking for Igor, Glen the game warden steals the rest of the flock. Amy, Thomas, Barry and David plot an elaborate escape for the birds, and begin their migration early.
Chihiro bravely protects the badly injured Haku from Yubaba's twin sister, Zeniba, who has transformed Boh and Yu-bird. After falling down a flue, they end up in Kamaji's boiler room where Chihiro forces the dying Haku to eat medicine from the River Spirit. The medicine works and Haku coughs up the stolen seal. Chihiro learns that she and Haku have more in common then she realised, and vows to repay his loyalty and friendship by returning the seal to Zeniba and protecting him.
After the witch derailed Sophie's plans, thrusting her into Howl's childhood, Sophie finds Howl and returns to Calcifer, Turnip Head and Marko. Howl is given back his heart and Calcifer is given his freedom. Turnip Head saves them from near peril and turns back into the prince. Sophie and Howl fall in love and the Witch of the Waste tells the prince to return to the palace and end this unreasonable war. Calcifer returns to the family.
Howl returns to the castle transformed and welcomes the new family members, the Witch of the Waste and Suliman's dog. They move house to evade Madame Suliman. Sophie recognises the new location as her hometown and even her old hatter. Howl gives Sophie a present, a portal into an untouched landscape. Sophie's spell is temporarily lifted. The scene explores human transformation, human industry, love and the need to protect the natural world.
Sophie visits her sister, Lettie, who warns of the dangers the outside world, that Howl and the Witch of the Waste present. Before leaving, Lettie implores Sophie to consider her future. Sophie tells he sister she doesn't mind the hatters because it was so important to their father. Back at the hatters, a customer enters and insults Sophie and the hats. Sophie tells her to leave and discovers she is the Witch of the Waste. The Witch of the Waste casts a vanity spell on Sophie, turning her into a
Manny, Diego and Sid make it to Half Peak, but the ground erupts with lava. Manny sees Diego struggling on a ledge and saves him, almost sacrificing himself in the process. Diego is thankful but bewildered by Manny's actions, and Manny responds, "That's what you do in a herd." Meanwhile, the other sabre-toothed tigers lie in wait to intercept the troupe. Sid, Diego and Manny set up camp, Sid discovers fire, and the baby takes his first steps. Diego agonises over his dishonesty.
Manny and Sid find an injured mother, who gives them her child. Sid is determined they do the right thing, but Manny argues there is no "they", following Sid only out of curiosity. Diego the sabre-toothed tiger attempts to pinch the child, and Manny decides to return baby Roshan himself. Reaching the human's camp, they see it abandoned, and Diego becomes a part of the unlikely team. Together they must learn to work together to care for the child.
Realising Toothless is in danger if he can't fly, Hiccup uses his creative intelligence to forge his new friend a prosthetic caudal fin. When testing the device, Hiccup distracts the dragon with a basket of fish and a smoked eel, learning the dragon is scared of eel. Hiccup uses this new knowledge during training, much to the amazement of everyone. Hiccup continues to learn more about dragon behaviour through he interactions with Toothless.
Amy Alden recovers from a car accident, waking up to find that her mother has died and her father, Thomas, is there to take her to Canada. When Amy arrives in Canada she learns that her estranged father is an eccentric sculptor, inventor and ultra-light aircraft pioneer. Thomas' character is based on Canadian inventor and sculpture Bill Lishman and his work with naturalist Bill Carrick. The opening scene symbolises the journey of the geese Amy adopts.
The flock joins a population of migrating wild geese, separating from Amy and Thomas. Thomas and Amy follow the birds, deterring the poachers and making an unscheduled landing. That night, Amy asks Thomas why he never visited her, pressing him for an honest answer. The next day Thomas ultra-light suffers structural failure. Thomas tells Amy she must continue the journey alone, but Amy is hesitant. Thomas reassures her that she is strong and capable, just like her mother.
Amy makes the last leg of the journey alone. Meanwhile, at the North Carolina sanctuary, a crowd of environmentalists protest the imminent destruction of the marshes. Knowing Amy is due to arrive that day, naturalist Dr Killan blocks a bulldozer. The crowd cheers as Amy and the flock arrive, effectively teaching the birds to migrate and saving the habitat from development. The journey of the geese also symbolises Amy's journey through loss, migration, accepting her new family.
Shrek accuses Donkey of coming into the house but quickly realises it's not Donkey. When Snow White is pushed onto his dining room table, Shrek learns there are more uninvited guests than he realises. Outside, Shrek learns that evil Lord Farquaad has evicted all the fairytale creatures. Shrek announces he will visit Farquaad personally to fix the issue. The crowd cheers and crown Shrek their hero. Shrek and Donkey leave for the Lordship of Duloc.
A group of townsfolk head off to find Shrek, a solitude-loving ogre, hoping to capture him for a reward. While outside, they tell cautionary tales about what ogres do to humans, but Shrek interrupts to set the record straight. Shrek tells them they are thinking of giants, not ogres, and explains that ogres are actually much worse. After roaring loudly, he reminds them to run away. The scene shows two reoccurring themes used in the film, fairytales and misrepresentation.
While Princess Fiona sleeps, Shrek tells Donkey of all the ogre histories written in the stars. Donkey doesn't believe him, but Shrek tells him that "sometimes things are more than they appear", which is also a clue about Fiona. Donkey presses Shrek about his seclusion and Shrek reveals he is unhappy with the way people judge him. After breakfast, Fiona surprises them by not being as ladylike as they expected, echoing Shrek's sentiment about judging before knowing.
Conrad taunts that Sally would never break a rule, and the fish asks her not to, but ultimately he decides to join Cat on the couch. Lawrence walks in to find the living room in shambles, and Sally tries to pretend it was all Conrad's fault. Lawrence tells her that no-one likes a suck up. Sally and Conrad bond while laughing at horrible Larry and his allergies.
Junior scientist Eddie experiments with homemade slime to see if its viscosity can protect an egg from cracking. Slime is a shear thickening liquid, also known as a dilatant or non-Newtonian fluid. The thickness of a dilatant increases with the amount of force applied parallel to the liquid's surface (shear stress), making it a useful armour. To conduct your own experiments, you'll need some water, cornflour, food colouring, a mixing bowl, a spoon, a few zip lock bags, a tape measure and eggs.
Junior scientist Cassidy shows us how to make growing grass heads at home and explains why plants grow better with access to sunlight. To germinate these grassy pals, you'll need a pair of old stockings, some grass seeds, cotton wool balls, small yoghurt containers, a spray bottle, string, glue, googly eyes and some pipe cleaners.
Sophie takes a back alley and is stopped by two soldiers who act inappropriately towards her. As they taunt her vulnerability, Howl introduces himself as her partner, effectively rescuing her from the situation and involving her in a new one. Howl is presented as compassionate and charming, countering his reputation as a villain who steals the hearts of girls.
Leslie compliments Jessie on his drawing and Jessie finds himself inspired by Leslie's ability to write stories. Jessie helps Leslie escape a bully on the bus, and the two of them decide to hang out after school. Leslie decides they need a place just for them, a place without bullies. Being the more adventurous of the two, she leads them across the creek and begins building their new enchanted world.
During the final exam, Hiccup attempts to show the village that dragons are misunderstood by calming the dragon. Stoick the Vast becomes enraged and calls off the fight, startling the dragon and inciting chaos. Toothless hears that Hiccup is in trouble and sets out to rescue him. After the villages capture Toothless, Hiccup argues with his father about the treatment of dragons. Disregarding Hiccup's words, Stoick the Vast shackles Toothless and uses him to find the dragon's nest.
Diego confesses he was leading his new friends into a trap but tries to redeem himself. Sid distracts the sabre-toothed tigers, while Diego and Manny sneak past, but Soto finds them. Diego is gravely injured when he defies his pack to protect Manny, echoing Manny's sentiment of the importance of caring for your herd. Sid and Manny go alone to return the baby, proving than empathy is deeper than cultural differences.
Although training goes well, the natural instincts of 'imprinting' means the geese remain attached to Amy. Thomas worries he has let her down again. While Thomas and Susan talk, Amy sneaks into the ultra-light. Amy proves the geese will fly behind her, but also has a minor crash. Thomas finds Amy unharmed but is shaken by the idea of loosing her again. Later, Thomas suggests building a custom aircraft for Amy, selling off old sculptures to pay for it.
Amy's sense of place and happiness improve as she cares for the geese. Amy tells Thomas the feeding schedule and asks if he can handle the responsibility, teasing his lack of parental skills. Thomas seeks advice from game warden Glen, who tells the family that domestic geese don't learn to migrate and have to be pinioned (clipped). Amy protests and Thomas kicks Glen off his property. Amy freaks out after a mishap in the shower, and Susan reassures her they will protect the geese to calm her.
Shrek, Donkey and Princess Fiona's friendship grows as they travel to Duloc. Donkey interrupts a special moment between Shrek and Fiona, reminding them of the sun setting. Panicked, the princess escapes to a house to avoid Shrek seeing she is cursed. After convincing Shrek to tell Fiona his true feelings, Donkey goes to find the princess and discovers her secret. As Fiona tells Donkey of the curse, Shrek mishears their conversation and believes Fiona thinks he's ugly.
Duloc soldiers of set up a trade-in stall for fairytale creatures. As creatures with magical powers are imprisoned in cages, Donkey pretends not to speak. When an accident sprinkles him with fairy dust he flies away, taunting the soldiers. Unfortunately, the magic wears off and Donkey makes a run for it, bumping into Shrek. Shrek scares off the soldiers and Donkey decides to stick around. Shrek is not as enthusiastic about his new houseguest.
Shrek and Donkey defeat the soldiers Lord Farquaad set upon them. Farquaad crowns Shrek the winner and tells him he's "won" a mission. Shrek protests, explaining he was already on a quest to get his swamp back. Farquaad cuts a deal. Donkey and Shrek set out on their new quest to rescue Princess Fiona. Along the way, Shrek explains that ogres have layers and that there is more to ogres than people know.
Shrek interrupts the wedding to tell Princess Fiona how he feels and Fiona reveals her secret to Shrek. Lord Farquaad orders their arrest, but Donkey arrives on Dragon to save them. Dragon eats Farquaad and the town cheers, freed of the lord's oppressive reign. Fiona takes love's "true form" and discovers that beauty is more than skin deep. Back at the swamp, Shrek, Fiona, Donkey, Dragon, the fairytale creatures and the townsfolk live in harmony, happily ever after.
Joan arrives home to find the house in pristine condition and everything in order. Lawrence enters, covered in a purple slime, and tells Joan all about her "terrible" children. Joan, thinking he's crazy, sticks by her family and asks him to leave. At the party, Hank Humberfloob congratulates Joan on her perfect event and immaculate home. Later, the family is seen jumping on the couch together as Cat narrates the final scene.
A Stink Spirit - a polluted god, visits the bath house. Chihiro, assisted by the rest of the staff, removes discarded objects and pollution caught in the spirit's side. The Stink Spirit turns out to be a beautiful dragon. Miyazaki, describes helping to restore a polluted river as a child and watching it turn back into a clear, habitable ecosystem. The motif explores the damage of human pollution on the environment.